Where is this heat coming from?
The ozone layer, 12 to 19 miles above Earth, absorbs ultraviolet-B radiation, the highest-energy solar radiation reaching the lower stratosphere. When the ozone layer is depleted, more of this h-energy radiation is measured to reach Earth’s surface, increasing our risk of sunburn and skin-cancer. Since 1970, ozone depletion has been observed clearly in the Antarctic Ozone Hole, the Arctic, and, in lesser amounts, throughout mid-latitudes. Temperatures on the Antarctic Peninsula rose 12 degrees from 1951 to 2003, more than observed anywhere on Earth in the past 1800 years.
Ultraviolet-B radiation is 48 times more energetic than infrared radiation absorbed most strongly by carbon dioxide. Higher energy means higher heat content of the radiation. Ultraviolet radiation penetrates oceans tens of meters—efficiently raising ocean heat content.
Global warming from 1970 to 1998 was caused by humans manufacturing CFC gases, known to deplete the ozone layer. The increase in global warming was stopped in 1998 by the UN Montreal Protocol mandating a phasing out of CFC gas production beginning in 1989.
Climate models overestimate the heat contained in infrared radiation and underestimate the heat contained in ultraviolet radiation. In other words, they overestimate the role of greenhouse gases and underestimate the role of ozone depletion. The mathematics, developed by Arrhenius 120 years ago, is based on a fundamental misunderstanding in physics concerning radiant energy. We now know that radiant energy is simply a function of frequency of oscillation of the bonds holding the radiating matter together, not a function of wave amplitude and bandwidth as currently calculated in climate models.
What is most surprising is that scientists have never demonstrated in an experiment how much air is warmed when concentrations of carbon dioxide gas are increased. Experiments are fundamental to the scientific method. As Steven Chu, Nobel physicist and former Secretary of Energy wrote “The final arbitrator of any point of view are experiments that seek the unbiased truth.”
The only experiment reported in the scientific literature concerning greenhouse gases was done in 1900 by a physicist, Knut Ångström. He showed, in two different ways, that warming caused by increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide is minimal.
In 2017, scientists need to carry out such experiments if they wish to defend greenhouse-warming theory. Such experiments are so unlikely to be successful that I am offering $10,000 to the first scientist who can do such an experiment successfully.
These new scientific data and insights show that we should be able to move forward together burning fossil fuels safely, minimizing pollution, and meeting the rapidly increasing energy needs of a rapidly developing world. It also makes sense to work together developing renewable sources of energy because fossil fuels are unlikely to last more than a few generations and because renewable energy sources are beginning to make economic sense, especially in regions lacking major energy distribution infrastructure.
The challenge in the New Year is to meet increasing energy needs while making the world safer for our grandchildren. It is time to bring peace to the climate wars and all work together for a better world.
MEDIA INQUIRIES CONTACT:
Erin Klein, Publicist, ClimatePR,